HOME IRISH TOKENS Copyright
S.B.Woodside
1997-2005
Last update:-
10-Nov-05
barry.woodside@ic24.net
Davis
mid 18th & early 19th C.
Copper tokens
Scroll through the data or use the shortcut index below.

 

UNDER DEVELOPMENT

 
Davis Thumbnail index
18th C. ANTRIM Adair Beith Knox Magarragh Ringland (unclear)
Johnston McClure Brown Montgomery Smyth Kean
ARMAGH Morton Overend Mackie Greer O'Brien Wilson
DOWN Hall Cochran Stewart Fisher McCully McQuoid
Bell Byers Galloway Miller Factor(?)  
DUBLIN Bowen Maculla        
Others Henry
Derry
Rea
Tyrone
Templeton
Tyrone
McMinn
Unknown
John ...L
Unknown
 
Silver D1-3 Clark West D4-6 Irish Bullion D7-8 Pro Bono  
Dublin 1d Misc. D9
Pawnbrokers
D10
Wellington & Victory
D11-12
rolling mill
D13-16
A cock
   
Wellington & Erin Go Bragh D17-21
1813
D22-24
1814
D25-33
1816
D34
1818
D35-36
1822
 
One Penny
George III
D37
1800
D38-39
1814
D40
1819
D41-42
1820
   
St Patrick D43
1806
D44-46
see next row
D47
1815
     
Luke XX D44
GIII 1818
D45
GIII 1821
D46
GIII 1822
D48
Regent '18
D49
Regent '22
D50
two heads
Misc. D51
Burke 1806
D52
Burke 1815
D53
Advocate
D54
Public Accom.
D55
two harps
 
Dublin 1/2d Misc. D56-57
Pawnbrokers
D58
Rolling mill
D59
Nevill & Co
D60
Field Marshal
D61
Waterloo
D62
GIII 1814
D63-64
GIII 1819
D65
Luke XX
D66-67
St Patrick
D68
Hibernicus '20
D69-70
Convenience
D71
Navigation
D72-73
Abundance
D74
The Union
D75
Hibernicus '30
D76
George Ords
D77-78
Pantheon
 
Crude bust D79
10 st. 1820
D80-82
9 st. 1820
D-
8 st. 1820
D83
1825
  
Misc D84
Fingall
D85-86
Publick
     
Rest of Ire. Menlough
Galway
Tullamore
Kings
Coleraine
Derry
Drogheda
Louth
Westport
Mayo
Strabane
Tyrone
 

Early/mid 18th C.

Davis
with additional items from Seaby

These pieces are nearly all rare, usually worn, and illustrations are hard to find - most are illustrated in Davis - but I don't have this. The illustrations here are from Ian Whyte, my small collection, and line drawings from Simon. Some have links to pieces illustrated in Seaby's Coins and Tokens of Ireland, which for copyright reasons, are not on the distributed CD - they are only on my personal copy. However, since this file can be edited by users, I suggest they personally scan in the Seaby illustrations and add them to the appropriate folder. Because pieces are worn, I have sometimes added two or more illustrations of the same piece, since different illustrations sometimes show different features. The Simon illustrations are also interesting because of errors etc.

Some pieces might be mis-attributed - it's difficult matching written description with worn specimens.

One or two other tokens possibly from Ballycastle, Co. Antrim are listed separately.

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Co. ANTRIM

BALLYMENA

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Adair - Ballymena
(note:- B.MENA 1736 not evident on this example)
1   A hare lodged; below 2.P (two pence). Legend . I. MAKE. GOOD. SPEED. The right ear of the hare touches the P in SPEED.
. I PROMISE TO . PAY THE BEARER ONE (sic) DEMAND . TWO PENCE . IAs .  ADAIR B.MENA 1736.       R.r

Aquilla Smith 1.
PLATE N, no.9.

 
2   Similar, but the right ear is some distance from the P
Similar, but IAMs. ADAIR. The ND in DEMAND not joined. R.r

PLATE N, no. 10.

 
3   Similar, but the left ear of the hare is under the S in SPEED.

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.
PLATE N, no. 11.

 
4   Similar, but the right ear of the hare is under the I
Similar, but the last letter in BEARER. is under the T in THE whereas in the preceding it is under the Y in PAY.

In Mr. Fletchers cabinet.
PLATE N, no.12.

The following extract from Benn's History of Belfast is of interest. " It cannot be discovered that any bank was established in Belfast prior to the year 1752. In that year the earliest bank, which is known, was formed, the partners in which were Daniel Mussenden, Iames Adair and Thomas Bateson, three of the principal merchants in the town."
Probably James Adair here referred to was the issuer of the token, as he occupied a good social status at the time. The successors of James Adair still hold a leading position in Ballymena. The representative of the family is Frederick Adair of Ballymena Castle. In the "McDonnells of Antrim," it is mentioned that William Adair, who died in 1626, purchased the estate of Sir Faithful Fortescue. A famous James Adair from Co. Antrim (possibly Ballymena?) went to America in 1735 (the year before these tokens were issued!) and became famous for trading with the Indians and writing a book of his experiences. His views that the Indians were descended from one of the lost tribes of Israel led to great debate for many years and possibly still not solved.

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Beith - Belfast
Image in Seaby
Image, courtesy Ian Whyte
5   A double-beaded eagle displayed, dividing 2 P Legend, READY . AY . READY. o .
.I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . ALEX . BEITH . B: MENA 1735 R.r.

Aquilla Smith 2.
PLATE N, no. 13.

Advertisement from the Belfast News Letter; from the 16th-27th of Feb., 1739;-
"TICKETS LOCAL. - Whereas there are some Persons betwixt Lisburn and Belfast, who have counterfeited my Tickets with a Dye and Press, and sell them to the Country People, at half what they pass for. Therefore these are to give Notice to all Persons who have any of my Tickets, that they bring them unto me at any time before the first of March next (Counterfeits excepted) and I will pay them in Gold or Silver, and will give two Guineas reward to any Person or Persons, who will discover the Person or Persons who made these Counterfeit Tickets with the Die and Press, so that they may be convicted of said cheat.    ALEXANDER BEITH."

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BELFAST

TWOPENCE

Knox - Belfast
? 2 wings / H over EL [Image, courtesy Ian Whyte]

6 or 7 one wing / H over BE
6   A falcon volant, trussing a mallard (wild duck) NEVER WITHOVT . MY . PREY Only one wing of the falcon is seen.
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO . PENCE . IOHN . KNOX . BELFAST 1735 The H in IOHN is over the E and L in BELFAST R.r.

Aquilla Smith 4.
PLATE N, no.14.

 
7   Similar, but the falcon exhibits both its wings.
Similar, but the H in IOHN is over B and E of BELFAST

PLATE N, no.15.
In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.

"John Knox, watch maker, Belfast, was sworn to the 'Roll of Freemen' on the 11th of September, 1729." Town Book Belfast R.M.Young.
 
The illustrations above seem to be cross pairings of the dies in Davis!

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McGarragh - Belfast
[Simon's drawing looks more like a lion]
8   A wolf rampant, gorged and chained, dividing 2 P Legend, FIERCE AND . STRONG . The hind feet of the animal are over the space between STRONG and FIERCE .
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . HUGH MACARRAGH BELFAST . 1736 The A and S in BELFAST do not touch. R.r.

Aquilla Smith 5.
PLATE N, no.16

9/10?
9   Similar, but the hind feet of the animal are over AND . and no period after P   R.
As last

[looks more like a fox, bear or mouse in chains!]

Aquilla Smith 6.
PLATE N, no. 17.

 
10   As last.
Similar, but the A touches the S in BELFAST

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.
The wolf figures as a supporter in the arms of Belfast.

 

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11/12
11.   A dove displayed, in its bill a sprig of olive. GOOD TIDINGS
       Above the wing at the left p over 2
I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE: Wm RINGLAND BELFAST 1734 R.r.r.
 
12   Similar, but value expressed 2 over p. R.

Aquilla Smith 7.
PLATE N no.18.

 
13.   Similar, but dated 1735 R.r.

Aquilla Smith 8.

[14 is illus. in DNW 20-6-01]
14.   Similar, but the value omitted [on O:], date 1734 R.

Aquilla Smith 9.

PENNY

Image in Seaby shows ONE not ON PENNY on R:
16.   Similar to no. 13, except in size.
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . ONE PENNY "." W:m RINGLAND BELFAST 1734 R.r.

Aquilla Smith 10.
PLATE N, no.20.

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(unclear) - Belfast
 
15   A lion rampant, supporting a wheatsheaf above a leopard's head. Legend detrited.
I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ON DEMAND TWO PENCE (name detrited) BELFAST

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.
PLATE N, no. 19.

 

HALFPENNY

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Johnston - Belfast
Image & more details in Fletcher.

Image in Seaby
17   View of the High Street, showing on the principal building a centre tower with weather vane. BELFAST TICKET 1734. all within a cable border.
I'L PAY THE BEARER ONE . HALF PENNY . W IOHNSTON I/2. ~ Pd FOR THIS CO ~ (One shilling and two pence per lb. for this Copper Paid). (~indicates an ornate P representing "per")

Aquilla Smith 3.
PLATE N, no.21.

There are only two specimens of this token known, one being in the Belfast Museum and the other in Mr. Fletcher's cabinet. The two last, and the Maculla halfpennies are included in order to keep together this section of the Irish Tokens. In the Ulster Journal of Archaeology, of January, 1903, Mr. Lionel L. Fletcher has an article on this token. He says - "The most interesting feature is the representation of Belfast. It shows a part of High Street and the end of one of the bridges which crossed the open river. The lofty steeple figure in the view was considered by George Benn to be the old market-house which formerly stood at the corner of the Corn Market. "Mr. Fletcher however, expresses the opinion that the building more probably represents the old Parish Church, in High Street, which was taken down in 1774, and which stood on the site now occupied by St. George's Church."
Mr. Fletcher thinks the issuer was "William Johnston, Baker, who it is recorded in the Town Book of Belfast, was admitted in 1729, to the freedom of the town."

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(unclear)
 
TD14   Johnson (or Kirkpatrick) penny(?) date uncertain, shield of arms
 
Seaby - How could something read Johnson or Kirkpatrick??

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BELLYLONAGHAN

TWOPENCE

McClure - Bellylonaghan?
18   A peacock 2 . P Legend, YOUTH AND BEAUTY
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . ALLEX Mc.CLURE . BELLYLONA GHAN . 1735

Aquilla Smith 11.
In the Dublin Museum.

Aquilla Smith mentioned that the name of Ballyloghnegany occurred in the Index Locorum of the Ulster Inquisitions, but he was unable to locate it.

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BREBY

TWOPENCE

Brown - Bready?
 
19   A pelican in its piety. WITH MY BLOOD I FEED MY YOUNG
* I * PROMISE TO PAY . Ye BEARER ON DEMAND TWO PENCE PATRICK BROWN . BREBY . (?) *

Aquilla Smith 12.
PLATE N, no.22.
In the British Museum.

This token may belong to Bready, Co. Tyrone, but spelled BREBY. The reverse is rather indistinct, especially so in the name of the town.

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GLENARM

TWOPENCE

Mountgomery - Glenarm
 
20   An anchor and cable, between two fleurs-de-lis. 2 . P below. Legend, . I . LIVE . IN . HOPE . The links in the cable are joined, and the O in HOPE is the same size as the other letters.
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . HUGH MOUNTGOMERY GLENARM . 1736. The period after TO touches the P in PAY . R.r.

PLATE N, no.23.
In Mr Fletcher's cabinet.

 
21   Similar, but the links in the cable are not joined, and a small o in HOPE
Similar, but the period is equidistant from TO . and PAY

Aquilla Smith 19.
PLATE N, no.24.

Hugh Montgomery of the Ardes was the first Earl of Mount Alexander in the seventeenth century, and the name Hugh occurs in "Burke."
 
Seaby lists this in the 1734-1741 section.
 
A family history page on the www contained the following;- HUGH MONTGOMERY was born Abt. 1689 in Glenarm, Antrim, Ireland, and died 1767 in Londonderry, New Hampshire, Rockingham County. He married JEAN CARGILL May 22, 1715 in Ballymena, Antrim, Ireland, daughter of DAVID CARGILL and JANET SMITH. She was born Abt. 1685 in Ireland, and died 1772 in Londonderry, New Hampshire, Rockingham County.

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LISBURN

TWOPENCE

Smyth - Lisburn
 
22   Unicorn's head to left couped. Legend, *..:EDW=d smyth *..
A minute eagle between two small circles. I . OWE THE . BEARER . TWO . PENCE LISBURN . 1736 . R.r.

Aquilla Smith 21.
PLATE N, no.25.

"The issuer was High Sheriff of Co. Antrim in 1738" - Young's Historical Notices of Old Belfast. Also an entry, dated August, 1744 "To Edward Smyth for repairing 1000 Perches of the Road from Lisburn to Antrim 15."

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MALONE

TWOPENCE

Kean - Malone
23   A dolphin embowed. Under, 2.P Legend, WITH . COVNCILE . AND . COVRAGE
. I . PROMISE.TO.PAY.THE BEARER.TWO PENCE <<< AARON . KEAN MALLONE . (sic) 1735 .

Aquilla Smith 25.
PLATE N, no.26

Co. ARMAGH

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ARMAGH

THREEPENCE. SILVER

Morton - Armagh
 
24   ALEX : MORTON ARMAGH o.o.o 1736
I PROMIS: (sic) TO: PAY: THE: : BEARER: : THREE : : PENCE : the A in BEARER : is under the last limb of the A in PAY: R.

PLATE I, no.18.

[Image, courtesy Ian Whyte]
25   Similar, but a small scroll after MORTON and ARMAGH
 
Image in Seaby
26    
Similar, but the A in BEARER: is under the first limb of the A in PAY:
 
27    
Similar, but the A in BEARER: is under the colon after TO :
The issuer was "a famous clockmaker, in the year 1717 he lived in Market Street, where he struck off a number of silver tokens, which were being used as current coin in Armagh." - Stuarts Historical Memoirs of the City of Armagh.

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PORTADOWN

THREEPENCE. SILVER

Overend - Portadown
Ian Whyte
28   IOHN . OUEREND . PORTADOWN * . P . * III . 1736.
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE PENCE R.r.

PLATE I, no.19.

"John Overend, Merchant, died at Portadown, 1758" - Monthly Cronical, Ireland, Feb: 1758.

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RICHHILL

Mackie - Richhill
29   SAM MACKIE: * p over III * RICHHILL 1736
I . PROMIS . (sic) TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE .. PENCE . R.r.

PLATE I, no.20.

 
30   Similar, but reads RICHILL (sic) R.r.

Boyne, 4

 
 
31   Similar, but the p over III omitted and reads RICHHILL R.r.
 
Image in Seaby [Courtesy Ian Whyte]
32   SAM MACKIE p over III RICHHIL (sic) 1736 within an inner circle.
. I . PROMIS . (sic) TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE .. PENCE . within an inner circle. R.
 

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LURGAN

THREEPENCE. COPPER

Greer - Lurgan
 
33   A roll of linen 3. p above. Legend, . THE . DRAPER .. oo * oo
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE . PENCE IAMs. GREER LURGAN 1736 R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 24

It is stated in Knox's History of the County Down that this family descended from Henry Greer, who came to Ireland from Dumfriesshire and settled in Lurgan in 1653. The family is now represented by Captain J. W. Greer, The Wilderness.

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TWOPENCE

O'Brien - Lurgan
 
34   A stag at gaze; at the left, 2 P The antlers have each four branches.
. I . PROMISE . TO . PAY . THE BEARER : TWO PENCE . THOs.: O:BRIEN * LVRGAN 1736

Aquilla Smith 22.
In the Dublin Museum.

 
35   Similar, but with six branches in each antler. R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 22a.
PLATE N, no.27.

 

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Wilson - Lurgan
 
36   A horse's head to left, bridled. Below 2 * P
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE .:. BEARER .:. TWO . PENCE IOS . WILSON LURGAN 1735

Aquilla Smith 23.
PLATE N, no.28.
In the British Museum.

 
TD19   Seaby as previous but 3p (1736?)
 
 

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Co. DOWN

DROMORE

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Hall - Dromore
 
37   A griffon, passant. FOR . Ye. PARISH . OF . DROMORE .
I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO . PENCE . WILL . HALL DROMORE 1736. R.r.

Aquilla Smith 13.
PLATE N, no.29.

The griffon was supposed to be a guardian of mines and hidden treasures, One Edmund Hall issued a token at Dromore about 1663. - Vide Williamson, 256.

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GILFORD

THREEPENCE. COPPER

Cochran - Gilford
 
38   A man riding at speed; under the horse, dividing the date, 17 36 a horseshoe. Legend, LOUSE . RUN . FOR . EVER
I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE . PENCE INo COCHRAN . GILLFORD . (sic) 1736 .

Aquilla Smith 18.
PLATE N, no.30.
In the British and Dublin Museums.

Aquilla Smith has the following note "In the year 1685, James II incorporated by charter the Governor and Freemen of the Corporation of Horse Breeders in the County of Down." In the Gilford Directory, the Rev. John Cochrane, Presbyterian Minister, occurs, and the family, since this token was issued, has been an important one in this town.

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KILLYLEIGH

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Stewart - Killyleigh
 
39   A messenger with cudgel running, 2 . P . BEWARE . OF . COVNTERFITS .
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . IOHN STEWART . KILLILEAGH . 1735 .

Aquilla Smith 20.
In the Dublin and Belfast Museums.

George Benn, in the Ulster Journal of Archaeology, July, 1855, says " The hurrying messenger impressed upon it imaginative people might describe as the figure of Mercury those who knew better would say it was the very image of a County Down 'boy,' bred and born in Killinchy, with a little round cap on his head, - probably a scratch wig underneath, a bunch of ribbons flying behind, loose jacket, short tights, home made hose, - his headlong speed, his determined look, and above all the stout cudgel in his hand, plainly intimating that the argument in the last resort would be brought to bear upon every caitiff guilty of forging the tokens of Mr. John Stewart of Killileagh."

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NEWTOWNARDS

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Fisher - Newtownards
Sotheby's
[a long tailed variety was illustrated in Sotheby's auction 1st Oct. 1987]
40-43.
Due to wear, it's difficult to tell these apart.
[In the Seaby illustration, the bird stands on 7 lumps, whereas the rest only have 6, and the first limb of the M in THOMAS is over the first limb of H)
40? Image in Seaby
40   A kingfisher, a fish in its bill. No legend. There are five feathers in the tail of the bird, the fish does not exhibit its fins; all within a toothed border.
I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ON DEMAND TWO PENCE THOMAS FISHER The first upright limb of the M in THOMAS is over the first limb of H in FISHER R.

Aquilla Smith 32.
PLATE N, no.31.

 
41   Similar, but eight feathers in the bird's tail, and the fish exhibits its fins. R.
 
42?
42   Similar, but there are six feathers in the tail.
Similar, but the O in THOMAS is over the first limb of H in FISHER R.
43?
43? Ian Whyte
43   Similar, but a bird of closer plumage, the feathers in the tail are short; all within a cable circle.
Similar, but the upright limb of H in FISHER is under the space between O and M of THOMAS instead of as previously being under the first limb of M R.r.

Aquilla Smith 32a.

The late Mr. Gillespie, in the list of his collection, placed the Kingfisher tokens to Newtownards.

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McCully - Newtownards
Ian Whyte
44   A cask dividing 2 P Legend, IOHN McCULLY BREWER A rose at the bottom. The H is over U in MC.CULLY
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER TWO . PENCE ON . {D}EMAN{D} JOHN Mc.CULLY NEWTOWN (sic) .: 1761 :. A rose before and after BEARER The T in NEWTOWN is under the C in Mc.CULLY R.

Aquilla Smith 27.
PLATE N, no.32.

45   Similar, but the P is at the right of Y whereas in the last it is under that letter.
As last.

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.

 
46   Similar but the H is over UL and the p under Y in McCULLY
Similar, but the T in NEWTOWN is under M in McCULLY R.r.

Neumann 24948a.

In the copy of The Ancient and Present State of the County of Down, in the British Museum, there is a MS. note, that in 1754 William McCully was one of the Churchwardens of Newtown(ards).

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McQuoid - Newtownards
47   A lion's face between flags, 2 . * P . below. HOLD FAST . above.
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . WILLm. McQUOID NEWTOWN (sic) 1736 R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 26.
PLATE N, no. 33.

 

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Bell - Newtownards
 
TD27   Newtownards Samuel Bell twopence 1735 bracteate. No further details
 
Mentioned in Seaby

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Byers - Newtownards?
 
TD28   John Byers twopence 1735 bracteate. No further details
 
Seaby Newtownards?

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PORTAFERRY

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Galloway - Portaferry
 
48   A ship under sail. . I . COME . SPEED - 2 . P
. .I . PROMISE TO * PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . IOHN GALLOWAY PORTAFERRY. 1735 . R.r.

Aquilla Smith 28.
PLATE N, no. 34.

The issuer of the token found it necessary to follow the example of Alexander Beith of Ballymena, and gave notice : "Tickets Local-Whereas some Persons with a Dye and Press have counterfeited the Tickets put out by John Gallway (sic) of Portaferry, Merchant, and sell them to severals at half what they pass for. Now I do give this public notice to all Persons who have any of my Tickets; that they may bring them unto me at any time before the first of May next (Counterfeits excepted) and I will pay them in Gold or Silver, and will give two Guineas Reward to any Person or Persons who will discover the Person or Persons that made these Counterfeit Tickets with the Dye and Press, so as they may be convicted of the said Cheat. John Gallway." - Belfast News Letter, from March 13th to April 27th, 1839.

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Miller - Portaferry
 
49   A stag tripping. 2 . P TRUTH . OVER . COMES .
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . ROBt. MILLER . PORTFEERY (sic) 1736 R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 29.
PLATE N, no. 35.

 

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WARINGSTOWN

THREE PENCE. COPPER

Factor - Waringstown
Glendinings
--   .I. PROMISE TO.PAY.THE BEARER.THREE PENCE THOS FACTOR (?) WARINGS TOWN
3.P.WARING.HOUSE.1736 a large house with fence & gate
This piece was not in Davis, but was illustrated in Glendining's 1989 auction catalogue and again in Coin & Medal News Feb. 1990

Co. DUBLIN

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DUBLIN

SILVER

Bowen - Dublin
[Courtesy Ian Whyte]
50   A hart statant, pierced with an arrow.
BEN BOWEN DUBLIN Legend, I OWE THE BEARER IIId STER . R.r.

Boyne 2.
PLATE 1, no.21.

 

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COPPER

Maculla - Dublin
PENNY - 1729
[Images Ian Whyte, note PENNY over ]
51   CASH NOTES VAL RECEIVED DUBLIN 1729 JAMES MACULLA PENNY
I PROMISE TO PAY . THE BEARER . ON DEMAND 20 PENCE . A . POU ND . FOR . THESE

Aquilla Smith 16.
PLATE N, no. 36.
In the British and Dublin Museums.

The die was originally intended for a halfpenny. It will be seen from the illustration in the plate that the first N in PENNY is engraved over 1/2
HALFPENNY - 1731
[Courtesy Ian Whyte]
52   A large fleur-de-lis. CASH . NOTES . VALUE . RECD . I . MACULLA .
A female standing between two pillars, holding in her right hand a sword erect, in the left a pair of scales; the head of the figure divides the date 17 31. Legend, I . PROMISE . 20 . SHILLINGS POUND . STR . R.r.

PLATE N, no.37.

Aquilla Smith thought that this piece was intended to pass as a shilling. This is inconsistent with the idea of the period. The issuer probably intended to convey that he was prepared to pay, on return of the tokens, either in regal silver or cash notes.
HALFPENNY - 1728
 
53   PROMESARY (sic) NOTES VALUE RECEIVED : DUBLIN . 1728 . IAMES . MACULLA
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . ON DEM A ND . 20 . PENCE . A . POU ND . FOR . THESE . R.r

Linsay 119.
In the British Museum.

from www
54   CASH NOTES . VAL, RECEIVED DUBLIN . 1728 IAMES . MACULLA
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . ON DEM A ND . 20 . PENCE . A . POU ND .FOR . THESE . R.r.

Aquilla Smith 14.

 
HALFPENNY - 1729
 
55   CASH NOTES . VAL, RECEIVED . DUBLIN 1729 IAMES MACULLA The A and L in VAL, touch.
As last. R.r. [no dot after PROMISE]
D56?
56   As last.
I PROMISE . TO . PAY . THE BEARER . ON . DEMAND . 20 . PENCE . A . POU ND . FOR . THESE The O in TO is over E and A of BEARER R.

Aquilla Smith 15c.

This is also struck from the same die on a much thicker flan - Vide A.Smith 15b.

 
57   Similar, but the A and L in VAL, do not touch, most of the letters in the inscription are without their ceriphs.
As last.

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet

[Courtesy Ian Whyte]
58   As no.55.
Similar to last, but the O in TO is over the E in BEARER . R.

Aquilla Smith 15a.

 
59   Similar to last, but the 1 in is directly under the U instead of between C and U in MACULLA . which has a period after it.
As last R.r.

Aquilla Smith 15.

 
--   1724 circular legend illustrated in Irish Numismatics No 31 and Coin News Feb 88.
 
 
60   As no.52, except in size. R.
 
James Maculla was a brazier in Dublin. Maculla proposed to supply the coinage on a plan which he publicly stated. It was to circulate copper tokens for pennies and halfpennies stamped with a promissory to pay twenty pence for every pound of copper notes whenever they should be returned. There was to be forty-eight halfpence to the pound, avoirdupois, which he undertook to sell at two shillings. This be calculated would allow little more than sixteen per cent., provided the tokens sbould he returned without loss of metal by circulation, and provided the expense of stamping should amount to sixpence each pound. Maculla submitted this plan to Dean Swift, who disapproved it as but little security would be given to the public "that the tokens should always be made of the intrinsic value which was proposed in the project." Swift proposed a counter plan. It was to form a Society of ten gentlemen to issue tokens of increased specific gravity to Maculla's, vide Swift's Work, vol. xv, p. 260. This project was not taken up and Maculla issued his tokens, notwithstanding the criticism to which the plan had been subjected by Swift, who, Ruding says, "was absolute monarch over all those who were likely to be much affected by the circulation of the tokens." Vide Ruding, vol IV, p.3

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Co. LONDONDERRY

KILREA

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Henry - Kilrea
see DNW 20-6-01
61   A halberdier crowned, girt with a sword, in his right hand a halberd. 2 . P at the right. Legend, VIRTUE MINE . HONOUR
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . IAMs. HENRY . KILLREA (sic) 1736   R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 31.
PLATE N, no.38.

The specimen which Aquilla Smith had was so detrited, that he placed this token in his Not Local section. Macaulay, in the Spanish Armada, says "Behind him march the halberdiers, before him sound the drums."

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Co. TYRONE

DUNGANNON

THREEPENCE. COPPER

Rea - Dungannon
 
62   A stag tripping; below o 3 o P o Legend, FIDES . NON . TIMET (Faith knows not fear).
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . THREE PENCE THOMs. REA . DVNGA NNON 1736 . R.r.r. Batty 1562.
PLATE N, no.39.
 

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STEWARTSTOWN

Templeton - Stewartstown
 
63   A view of the Market House.
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE IAMs. TEMPLETON STEWARTS TOWN 1736 R.r.r.
Aquilla Smith, in his introduction, gives an account of the state of the copper coinage of Ireland when these tokens were in circulation. He says, "the coinage of the fine copper halfpence by George the Second, in 1736 & 1737, and of farthings in '737, put an end to the issue of private tokens... They were withdrawn from circulation, and full value given for them in gold or silver, which accounts for the extreme rarity of the greater number of the tickets, as they were designated. The weight or intrinsic value of the tickets, being nearly the same as that of the new halfpenny, gave rise to the once common saying 'not worth a two-penny ticket.'" How one could expect a halfpenny to be worth twopence is not explained. "It is said that our good halfpence are carried to the West of England and to Scotland by the colliers and other dealers, which is a good trade for them, as they get thirteenpence for a shilling, which is eight and one-third profit, so that, unless Irish halfpence are prohibited in Great Britain, we shall he constantly drained of our Copper Coin, great quantities of which are likewise exported to America." This interesting note, quoted by Aquilla Smith, from Falkner's Dublin Journal, Sep. 2, 1760, shows how difficult was the coinage question in those days. The same journal had a week before announced " We are assured that several casks of halfpence, amounting to £15,000, lately coined at the Tower, for the use of this Kingdom, are shipped on board a London trader, and are daily expected here." This assurance was of no value, as the coinage dated 1760 was not sent to Ireland until 1762.

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COUNTY UNKNOWN

TWOPENCE. COPPER

McMinn - Donaghadee
 
64   I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ON DEMAND TWO PENCE FRAN McMINN 1760 The final letter in PROMISE is over the last limb of H in THE
R: Similar to the obverse, countermarked F

[Now Believed to be from Donaghadee Co. Down - Heslip BNJ 1992,p.173]

Aquilla Smith 33.
This is supposed to be the specimen which Aquilla Smith described.

[Courtesy Ian Whyte]
65   As last
Blank.

[SBW. Mine has IK scratched and M...M.... (McMinn?) stamped on reverse]

PLATE N, no.40.

 
66   Similar to last, but the S in PROMISE is inverted, the final E spans the H in THE

In Mr Fletcher's cabinet.

 
 

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TWOPENCE. COPPER

(unknown)
 
67   A greyhound to left at speed; 2 P above. Legend detrited.
I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER TWO PENCE The remainder of legend detrited.

Aquilla Smith 30
In the Dublin Museum.

 

19th C. Silver

W.J.Davis
NINETEENTH CENTURY TOKEN COINAGE
Early 19th C. Silver Tokens

My sincere thanks to Ian Whyte for the illustrations of these mostly rare pieces
(I only have the common pieces #7 & 8).

Co. DUBLIN

DUBLIN

SILVER - SHILLINGS

Clark West
Ian Whyte
1   A female robed and seated to left on a rock, supporting on her left shoulder a caduceus, her right hand pointing to a merchant vessel; on the prow, I (Ireland). Ex. The countermark, a harp crowned. No legend.
FOR ONE BRITISH SHILLING 1804 Above the word FOR a small countermark of Hibernia. Legend, SOLD BY CLARK WEST AND Co R.

PLATE M, no.6.

 
2   The same in copper, but without the countermarks on obverse and reverse. R.
 
 
3   Similar, but with COMMERCE above the seated figure.
Similar, but the date is omitted. R.r.r. Hancock.

Boyne 6.

The countermarks are similar to those of the Dublin Assay Office of the time, but without the letters. Aq. Smith says Clarke and West, wholesale goldsmiths and jewellers, resided at No.9, Capel Street, in 1804. This long established firm is now represented by Messrs. West and Son, 18 and 19, College Green."
Irish Bullion Co
 
4   A robed female figure seated to right on a mound, holding the model of a ship. Legend, CONFIDENCE AUGMENTS THE VALUE Under the figure an oval, inscribed I B Co (Irish Bullion Company)
FOR ONE . BRITISH SHILLING D 2.16 Gs (2 dwts. 16 grains). Legend, SOLD BY THE IRISH BULLION Co Hall marks on either side of D 2.16 G. The O in ONE lines to the B in BY R.r.
Ian Whyte
5   Similar, but without the countermarks. R.r

PLATE M, no.7.

 
 
6   Similar to no.4, but the D and Gs and the period after ONE omitted, the O in ONE lines to the space between BY R.r. Hancock.

PLATE M, no.8.

 
These three tokens were made at Peter Kempson's manufactory, Birmingham. Aq. Smith was under the impression that this reverse was the same as no.4, but the die worn from repeated lapping; this is not so, as will be seen on reference to the illustration of both the reverses in plate M.
Pro Bono and Probono
Ian Whyte
*7   A tripod altar with burning incense, entwined by a serpent, olive branches at the left, and a celestial globe at the right. 2dwt 20gs STERLING Legend, PUBLIC HAPPINESS 1804
A female figure supporting a crown, above a cippus inscribed, HEALTH TO THE KING Legend, PRO BONO PUBLICO

Boyne 23, 8.

 
Ian Whyte
*8   As last.
Similar, but legend reads, PROBONO PUBLICO and, KING on the cippus in much larger letters.

PLATE F, no. 18.

"So great is the scarcity of silver in Dublin that it is customary to pay 10d. for change of a 1 note" - Bath Chronicle, Sep. 24, 1824. The state of the silver coinage in Ireland was worse in 1804 than in 1812, when this announcement was made.

early 19th C.
Dublin 1ds.

W.J.Davis
NINETEENTH CENTURY TOKEN COINAGE
19th C. Copper Tokens

Much of the information was supplied to Davis by Atkins.
The cover, title page and letter from Atkins to Davis are illustrated,
on the CD-ROM and a few of the rubbing below are taken from his illustrations.

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PAWNBROKERS
9   Hibernia seated to left, a harp at her side, PAYABLE AT THE PAWNBROKERS OFFICE BISHOP ST
The monogram W F B & Co Above the monogram, PENNY Below, 1804 Legend, LICENCED BY ACT OF PARLIAMENT TOKEN Mossop.
Atkins 3. The initials are those of W.F.Bently & Company, trading as indicated on the token.

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EDWd BEWLEY - WELLINGTON & VICTORY
10   Bust to left laureated, on the shoulder I PARKES Legend, WELLINGTON & VICTORY 1814
A robed female seated to left on a rock, with spear and olive branch, a shield, bearing the Irish harp at her side, a ship in the distance EDWd BEWLEY 1816 On the ground I P F Parkes

Sharp 238, 2.

The issuer was a grocer at 35, South Earl Street

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J Hilles (Rolling Mills)
11   View of the interior of a rolling mill showing two men at work, and a large fly-wheel; ONE PENNY TOKEN In the exergue, J.HILLES DUBLIN The last cog in the wheel is clear of the man's head at the right.
A sprig of shamrocks, PAYABLE IN BANK OF IRELAND NOTES . 1813

Sharp 237.

 
12   Similar, but without the period after J and the corner of the last cog in the wheel is hidden by the man's head. R. Halliday.

Sharp 237, 2.
PLATE F, no.19.

James Hilles, wholesale iron merchant, Abbey Street, was free of the six and ten per cent duty in the Customs House Dublin. - Wilson's Dublin Directory, 1799.

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CREST A COCK.
13   Crest, a cock upon a wreath in a circle, MERCHANTS above; STORES below. Legend, FOR THE USE OF HIS OWN ESTABLISHMENT 1813 The O of OF is over the centre of the M in MERCHANTS
TOKEN in a circle. JAMES'S above, STREET below. Legend, EDWARD STEPHENS'S DUBLIN The second T in STREET is over the last limb of the N in DUBLIN The ceriphs or tops of the ones in date point to the left. R.r.

PLATE F, no. 20.

14   Similar, but both letters of OF are over the M in MERCHANTS
Similar, but the T is over the centre of the N in DUBLIN Halliday.
15   Similar, but the ceriphs to the ones in date point to the right.
Similar, but JAMES'S omitted from above. Under the circle JAMES'S STREET Halliday.

Sharp 264, 2.

[Atkins rubbing]
16   Crest, a cock, a much larger bird, without the inner circle. Legend, FOR THE USE OF HIS OWN ESTABLISHMENT. 1813.
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a royal crown. F STEPHENS DUBLIN R.r.r.

Sharp 264, 1

The last rare piece is from a pattern by Halliday, and was rejected in favour of the bird in a circle, with the additional legend.

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WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH - Bust to Left, 1813
17   Bust to left laureated, in military uniform. WELLINGTON & ERIN Go BRAGH (Ireland for ever) 1813 The projecting laurel leaf points to the &. There is a button on the epaulet strap.
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a royal crown. E STEPHENS. DUBLIN. The arch of the crown is decorated with nineteen pearls.

PLATE F, no. 21.

18   Similar, but the projecting laurel leaf points to the N in WELLINGTON

Sharp 238, 1.

 
19   The same in silver R.r.r.
 
This was in the possession of Aq. Smith, and described in a note at the end of his silver tokens in 1855.
 
 
20   Similar, but the top of the cross is directly under the upright limb of P in STEPHENS. whereas in the former it is slighty at the right. R.r.r. This is in tin, vide Davis' sale, 796, March 15th, 1901.
 
 
21   Similar, but the bust unlaureated.
Similar, but there are twenty-three pearls in the arch of the crown. R.r. Halliday.

PLATE I, no. 22.

 

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WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH - Bust to Left, 1814
22   Similar to last, but the bust laureated, dated 1814 The button on the epaulet strap omitted, the star is over the 8 in date.
As last.
23a   Similar, but the centre laurel leaf points to &, the button again on the epaulet strap, the star is over 1 and 8 of date.
 
23b    
 
24a   Similar, but the star is over 8 and 1 of date.
 
24b    
 
 

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WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH - Bust to Left, 1816
10 st [Atkins rubbing]
25   A draped laureated bust with long flowing hair. WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH On the shoulder P
A harp of ten strings, surmounted by a royal crown. EDWd STEPHENS 1816 Parkes.

PLATE F, no. 22.

9 str
26a   Bust laureated, after the antique. I PARKES on the shoulder; the top centre laurel leaf points to & and the end of ribbon to the H in BRAGH
Similar to last, but the harp has nine strings; the top of cross on the crown is under the upright limb of E in STEPHENS
9 str
26b    
 
9 str
27   Similar, but the centre laurel leaf points between & and E in ERIN and the end of ribbon to G in BRAGH
As last.
8 st
28   As last
Similar, but the harp has eight strings; the top of cross is under the space between T and E in STEPHENS
9 str
29   Similar, but I PARKES F on the shoulder   
Similar, but with nine strings to the harp; the right corner scroll projection lines to the S in STEPHENS
9 str
30   As last   
Similar, but the harp has night strings, the corner scroll projection lines to the N in STEPHENS
 
31   Similar, but the end of ribbon points to the H in BRAGH
Similar, but the harp has nine strings. Parkes
32   Similar, bust to left laureated with bare neck I PARKES F on the shoulder; over the head, WELLINGTON under, ERIN GO BRAGH
Similar to last, a harp with nine strings, etc.
 
33   As last.
Similar to last, but the harp has eight strings. Parkes.

PLATE F, No. 23.

Edwin Stephens was a corn factor and proprietor of the Merchants Stores, 30, West Cole Alley, and one of the few citizens free of custom duty. - Wilson's Directory, 1799

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WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH - Bust to Right, 1818
34   A laureated and draped bust to the right. WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH
A harp of eight strings surmounted by a royal crown. IRELAND 1818 R. Wyon.
 

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WELLINGTON ERIN GO BRAGH - Bust to Right, 1822
A B slightly different? www
35   Similar to last, but the bust has long flowing hair Legend, WELLINGTON ERIN GO BRAGH
Similar, but dated 1822, and the harp has ten strings.
 
36   As last.
A robed female figure seated ; a trident in her left hand, in her right a laurel sprig, at her side the union shield, a ship in the distance. Above, HIBERNIA Ex. 1822 Unknown
 

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ONE PENNY TOKEN Bust to Right, 1800
 
37   A laureated and draped bust to right (George III) with long flowing hair. ONE PENNY TOKEN The projecting laurel leaf points to the centre of the second N in PENNY
A female seated to right ; in her left hand a sprig of shamrock, her right hand resting on a shield. IRELAND 1800 R. Unknown.
This is a forgery of the time, and the figure intended for Britannia is peculiar, as she is seated to the right. There can be no doubt that the token was struck much later than the date indicated. Mr. Fletcher has a specimen post-dated 1827.

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ONE PENNY TOKEN Bust to Right, 1814
38   Similar to last, but the projecting laurel leaf points to the first limb of the second N in PENNY
A harp of ten strings surmounted by a royal crown. IRELAND 1814 The tops of the ones in date are flat. R.r.
39   Similar, but the bust is without the long flowing hair; W on the shoulder; a period after the legend.
Similar to last, but the ones in date slope. R.r. Wyon.
 

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ONE PENNY TOKEN Bust to Right, 1819
40   Bust to right, with long flowing hair, laureated and draped. ONE PENNY TOKEN. The top leaf of laurel points to the Y in PENNY
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a royal crown. IRELAND 1819 Kutchler.
 

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ONE PENNY TOKEN Bust to Right, 1820
41   Similar, but without the period after the legend ; the top leaf of laurel points to the first limb of the second N in PENNY
Similar, but dated 1820
42   Similar, but the top leaf of laurel points to the centre of the second N in PENNY
As last Kuchler. This is struck on a thinner flan.
 

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St PATRICK APOS Bust to Right, 1806
43   Bust to right crowned with a wreath of shamrock. ST PATRICK APOS 432
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a royal crown. IRELAND 1806 R. Parkes.

PLATE G, no. 1.

This is struck over J Hilles' Penny of 1813. Others are found struck over various tokens of later make. Referring to the difficulty of recognising some of the Irish busts, the writer of the Bazaar Articles suggests the appropriate legend "Whose Image and Superscription hath it"

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(George III) Bust to Right, 1818
44   Bust laureated to right (George III). LUKE . XX : CHAP . XXV : VER (And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Cesar the things which be Cesar's).
A harp of eight strings surmounted by a royal crown. IRELAND 1818
 

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(George III) Bust to Right, 1821
45   As last
Similar, but dated 1821
 

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(George III) Bust to Right, 1822
46   As last
A female figure seated to left; a trident in her left hand, in her right an olive branch, the union shield at her side, a ship in the distance. HIBERNIA 1822 P. Wyon.
 

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ST. PATRICK APOS Bust to Left, 1815
47   Bust unlaureated to left, a cross on the breast ST PATRICK APOS 432
A robed female figure seated; in her left hand a spear, in her right an olive branch, a shield at her side bearing a harp; in the distance a ship. HIBERNIA 1815 R. Parkes.
These were made at a later date, as they are found struck over Stephens' tokens of 1818. The figures on the tokens represent the year A.D. 432, when it was supposed the Patron Saint of Ireland commenced his mission to convert the pagan Irish to Christianity.

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(George Prince Regent) Bust to Left, 1818
48   Bust (Prince of Wales) laureated to left, on the shoulder W
       Legend, LUKE XX : CHAP . XXV : VER . Under the bust E.STEPHENS (tiny)
A harp with eight strings surmounted by a royal crown IRELAND 1818

PLATE G, no. 2.

 

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(George Prince Regent) Bust to Left, 1822
49   As last.
As 46 ; female seated with trident, etc. Legend, HIBERNIA 1822
 

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Double Obverse
 
50   As last
As no. 44; bust to right (George III) LUKE etc. R.r. P. Wyon.
 

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(Edmund Burke) 1806
51   Bust to left unlaureated, P on the shoulder ONE POUND VALUE FOR 240
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a royal crown IRELAND 1806
This was engraved at a later period than that indicated, as specimens are found struck over tokens of a later date.

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(Edmund Burke) 1815
52   As last
As 47; female with spear, etc. HIBERNIA 1815 Parkes.
 

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(Daniel O'Connell)
53   A large laureated bust to left, IRELANDS ADVOCATE
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a royal crown; three leaves of shamrock on the sound board, MAY OUR FRIENDS PROSPER Parkes.

PLATE G, no. 3.

 

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Without Busts
54   A harp of nine strings, surmounted by a royal Crown. HIBERNIA 1805
ONE PENNY in a circle. Legend, FOR PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION Wyon.
 

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Double Reverse
[Atkins rubbing]
55   A harp of nine strings, surmounted by a royal crown, IRELAND 1806 The cross on the crown does not touch the orb.
Similar to the obverse, but dated 1805
 
55b   As previous but without legend both sides (ref: Bell, bad strike?)
 
 

Some of the tokens without issuers' names, were also circulated in England.

end of section

early 19th C.
Dublin 1/2ds.

W.J.Davis
NINETEENTH CENTURY TOKEN COINAGE
19th C. Copper Tokens

Much of the information was supplied to Davis by Atkins.
The cover, title page and letter from Atkins to Davis are illustrated,
and the rubbing below are taken from his illustrations.

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DUBLIN

COPPER HALFPENNY

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PAWNBROKERS
 
56   Hibernia seated to left, her right hand resting on her knee, her left supporting a harp. PAYABLE AT THE PAWNBROKERS OFFICE BISHOP ST The head of the figure is under P and A of PAWNBROKERS A flaw runs through the die from B in PAYABLE to T in THE
WFB&Co Under the monogram 1804 Legend, LICENCED BY ACT OF PARLIAMENT*** R.r.r.

Sharp 238, 2.

The obverse die failed, which necessitated a new one.
57   Similar to last, but the head of the figure is under the A and W of PAWNBROKERS and without the flaw in the die.
As last.

Mossop. PLATE G, no. 4.

 

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J Hilles - Rolling Mill
58   View of the interior of a rolling mill, showing two men working, and a fly-wheel. HALFPENNY TOKEN above. Ex. J.HILLES DUBLIN
A sprig of shamrocks, PAYABLE IN BANK OF IRELAND NOTES 1813 Halliday

Sharp 238, 3.

  Also see his pennies with a similar design.

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NEVILL & Co
[Atkins rubbing]
59   Hibernia seated to right supporting a harp in her right hand, and a cornucopia in her left, HALFPENNY PAYABLE AT Under the figure MDCCCIII

PLATE M, no. 9.

A ship sailing under canvas, THE WAREHOUSE OF NEVILL & Co DUBLIN R.r.r. Mossop.
Brent Nevill. Sheriff's Peer, was a merchant at 52, Abbey Street. He was exempt from Custom dues.

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FIELD MARSHAL WELLINGTON 1805
60   Unlaureated and undraped bust to left. FIELD MARSHAL WELLINGTON
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a royal crown. HIBERNIA 1805 R. Unknown.
 

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WELLINGTON Waterloo 1816
8 str
61a   A laureated bust to left in military uniform. THE ILLUSTRIOUS WELLINGTON The T in THE far from bust.
A harp of eight strings surmounted by a royal crown, its cross points to H. WATERLOO HALFPENNY 1816 Halliday.
10 str
61b   A laureated bust to left in military uniform. THE ILLUSTRIOUS WELLINGTON The T in THE close to bust.
A harp of ten strings surmounted by a royal crown, its cross points to gap. WATERLOO HALFPENNY 1816 Halliday.
 

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(George III) 1814
[Atkins rubbing]
62   Laureated and draped bust to right. HALFPENNY TOKEN The centre laurel leaf points to the Y in HALFPENNY
A harp of ten strings surmounted by a royal crown. IRELAND 1814 R. Unknown
 

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(George III) 1819
63   Similar, but the centre laurel leaf is under the second N in HALFPENNY
A harp with nine strings. IRELAND 1819 The scroll of the harp at the right lines to the first limb of the N and the cross touches the L in IRELAND
64   As last.
Similar, but the scroll of the harp at the right lines to the centre of the N and the cross is quite clear of the L R. Kuchler.
The two last tokens, and the pennies of similar design described under nos. 40, 41 and 42, resemble the 1805 regal coinage of Ireland, manufactured at the Soho Mint and engraved by Kuchler. This eminent artist, besides engraving the dies for the regal coinage of 1797-1807, and the tokens made at Soho for the Bank of England and Bank of Ireland, was perhaps the finest commemorative medal designer this Country has had. Unfortunately, he had a dispute with Matthew Boulton a short time before the death of the great inventor, which lead to a separation after many years of service. At the time of the quarrel, Kuchler was engaged on a medallion of Boulton, which afterwards was finished by Pidgeon, who received 300 for the work. Kuchler, at one time carried on business at Bride Court, Fleet Street, as a medal engraver. He died in comparative poverty, and rests in Handsworth Churchyard; where there is no stone to perpetuate his memory.

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(George III) 1821
65   Laureated and draped bust to right LUKE . XX . CHAP . XXV : VER .
A harp of eight strings surmounted by a royal crown. IRELAND 1821 Kuchler.
 

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St. Patrick
66   An unlaureated draped bust to right, a cross on the breast. St PATRICK: APOSTLE 432 + The cross is suspended by a Chain.
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a royal crown. IRELAND 1806 R.r.
67   Similar, but legend St PATRICK APOS 432 On the shoulder P The cross is connected to the rosary or necklet by a loop instead of a chain.
As last (upper string points to upper dot on soundbox). R. Parkes.
67v   as previous
The top string is below the the lower dot on soundbox. [not in Davis]

PLATE G, no.5.

The last two pieces and the penny of similar design, although dated 1806, were struck at a later period.
I. Whyte
--   I can't remember whether this is a penny or halfpenny! Not in Davis. The obverse appears to have been struck over a J.Hilles penny (D11/12) or halfpenny (D58).
Unique? Trial?
 
 

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Hibernicus 1820
68   A large laureated bust to right. HALFPENNY TOKEN
Hibernia seated to left, supporting a harp of eight strings. HIBERNICUS 1820 Parkes.
 

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Without Busts

Convenience of Trade - Hibernia
69   Hibernia seated to left; her right hand supporting a harp of eight strings; her left resting on her knee. HIBERNIA 1804 The harp points to the letter A
FOR THE CONVENIENCE OF TRADE No inner circle.

Sharp 138, 5.

 

 

Convenience of Trade - a ship
[Atkins rubbing]
70   Similar, but the harp points to the letter I
A ship sailing under canvas. FOR THE CONVENIENCE OF TRADE * R. Mossop.

Sharp 238, 5.

 

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ship - Trade and Navigation
71   Hibernia seated to left; supporting in her left hand a harp of six strings, her right resting on her knee. Under the harp a shamrock; ONE HALFPENNY TOKEN 1820
A ship sailing under canvas. TRADE AND NAVIGATION Unknown.
 

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A beehive
[rubbing from Atkins]
72   A beehive and bees. FROM INDUSTRY ABUNDANCE FLOWS .
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a Royal crown. To the left of the crown B and to the right Mc Legend, ONE HALFPENNY TOKEN 1819 R.r.
 
73   Also in Silver. R.r.r. Mossop.
 
 

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The Union
74   Britannia seated with her usual attributes a ship in the distance. HALFPENNY
A harp of nine strings surmounted by a Royal crown. THE UNION 1801   Kuchler.

PLATE G, no.6.

 

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Hibernia - a harp 1830
75   Hibernia seated supporting a harp of nine strings.
A harp of eleven strings surmounted by a royal crown HIBERNICUS 1830 Unknown.
This was struck at an earlier period, although dated 1830.
 
Hibernia's harp looks as though it has 10 strings.

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George Ords
76   A laureated bust to left. GEORGE ORDS TOKEN
A harp of seven strings surmounted by a Royal crown. IRELAND 1834 Unknown.
Although this token is dated 1834, it has every appearance of having been struck during the token period.

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PANTHEON
77   West view of a building. Under, 1802
PANTHEON Legend, PAYABLE AT THE PHUSITECHNIKON A flaw appears at the P in PANTHEON

Atkins 432, 140.

78   Similar to last, but the last letter in PANTHEON extends beyond E in THE whereas in the last it is in line with the circular legend. There is no flaw by the letter P P. Wyon.
 
    A very similar token was issued in 1799, but the entrance to the Pantheon has plain instead of panelled doors.
(listed in Dalton & Hamer)
The writer of the Bazaar Articles states that the issuer of the token was William Binns, an ironmonger, at the Pantheon, 25, Stephen's Green, which was a stores for the sale of a variety of articles.

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crude bust 10 strings 1820
79   A laureated and armoured bust to left. No legend. The ribbon from the wreath rests on the shoulder-piece.
A harp of ten strings, 1820 The scroll of the harp is over the space between 8 and 2 of date.
 

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crude bust 9 strings 1820
[no illustration]
80   Similar, but the harp has nine strings, the scroll of the harp is over the 2 in date.
 
81   Similar (9 strings) but the scroll is over the 8 in date.
 
82?
82   Similar to 81 (9 strings), but the ribbon falls below the shoulder-piece.
Similar to last, but the scroll is over the 1 and 8 in date. Unknown
These tokens are of rude execution, in brass or yellow metal, and resemble the imitation regal money circulated during the reign of George III. They are included for the same reason as the 1812 Not Local pieces, to show the debased token issues or forgeries of the period. Breton says there are 25 minute varieties.

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crude bust 8 strings 1820
81-2v   Similar but only 8 strings
 
 

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crude bust - 1825
 
83   Also in Copper, dated 1825 R.r.
 
Probably struck 1820. [SBW - I was told this might be unique]

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SWORDS
 
84   Hibernia seated to left holding a harp of six strings. FINGALL * HALFPENNY * 1804 *
WHCo PAYABLE AT SWORDS OR DUBLIN R. Mossop

Atkins 345, 168.

85   Similar, but legend reads FOR THE GOOD OF THE PUBLICK * 1804 * R. Mossop.
 
85v   Similar to previous, but a late 18th C. token.
 
 
86   (As 85) Also in Silver, On a thin flan. R.r.r. weight 2 dwts. 19grs

Boyne 22, 7.

Fingall is a district, and Swords a town, both in County Dublin.

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end of section

early 19th C.
Rest of Ireland

W.J.Davis
NINETEENTH CENTURY TOKEN COINAGE
19th C. Copper Tokens

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Co. GALWAY

MENLOUGH

COPPER SIXPENCE

Menlough 6d
1   A leopard passant gardant, within a garter inscribed VIRTUS SOLA NOBILITAT
     (Virtue alone ennobles.)
MENLOUGH CASTLE SIX PENCE WORK TOKEN 1819 Unknown.

PLATE J, no.23.

 

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KINGS COUNTY

TULLAMORE

COPPER ONE SHILLING AND ONE PENNY

Tullamore
 1?
1   Arms, first and fourth quarterly vert, a cross crosslet; second and third azure, on a chief indented three mullets, a crescent, over all an escutcheon; supporters, two Moors in golden armour; crest, the coronet of a viscount; motto, VIRTUS SUB CRUCE CRESCIT (Virtue increases under a cross); over the crest, CHARLEVILLE Under the motto, FOREST All within a circle. Legend, INDUSTRY SHALL PROSPER The date 1802 between sprigs of shamrock. There are ten shamrocks in the sprig at the left ; and the end of the ribbon on the right lines with the terntinat of E in PROSPER
PAYABLE AT TULLAMOORE FIRST TUESDAY IN EACH MONTH Above PAYABLE a rose and branches of shamrock ; under MONTH olive branches; all in a circle. Legend, ONE SHILLING AND ONE PENNY . A conventional scroll divides the legend; the Y in TUESDAY lines between P and E of PENNY and the terminal shamrock at the left is under the O in ONE

PLATE G, no.7.

 
2   Similar to last, but with only eight shamrocks in the sprig at the left; and the ribbon at the right, lines to the first limb of E in PROSPER There are two tassels on the coronet, whereas in the last there is only one.
Similar, but the top of Y in TUESDAY lines to the first limb of E In PENNY R.r.r.
 
3    
Similar, but the top of Y in TUESDAY lines to the P in PENNY and the terminal shamrock at the left extends to the first limb of N in ONE Soho Mint. T. Wyon.

In Mr. Norman's cabinet.

The arms, crest, etc. are intended to be those of Charles William Bury, Viscount Charleville, and Baron Tullamore. The token is one of the best executed of the nineteenth century ; and, fortunately, the finest examples are the commonest variety. Lindsay, Coinage of Ireland, p. 64, says: "A proof in copper gilt of a Charleville shilling token, 1802, is in the Dean of St Patrick's cabinet." But Lindsay's description of the reverse is ONE SHILLING AND ONE PENNY. It is unfortunate that an author, writing on tokens only 37 years after they were issued, did not obtain the information as to why and under what conditions a copper piece was circulated for about twelve times more than its intrinsic value. Charleville was born 1764, made a Viscount 1800, died 1835. The Forest mansion was burned down in 1808.

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Co. LONDONDERRY

COLERAINE

COPPER PENNY

Coleraine 1d
1   A female robed and seated to left on a corded bale; in her right band a pair of scales, a cornucopia of fruit over her left arm, a harp at the side, a ship in the distance, and a sword on the ground; D between the harp and the bale. Legend, W. Mc.KENZIE . COLERAINE.
ONE PENNY TOKEN 1813 within a wreath of shamrock and laurel. There are three berries in the laurel branch. Davies.

Sharp 237, 1.

 

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Co. LOUTH

DROGHEDA

COPPER HALFPENNY

Drogheda d
 
1   Hibernia seated to left supporting a harp. LEINSTER x HALFPENNY x 1804
The monogram. J M Co (Irish Mining Company) Legend, PAYABLE AT DROGHEDA OR DUBLIN * R.r. Unknown

Atkins 331, 3.

 

COPPER HALFPENNY

Louth
[SBW note - NB This isn't Irish!]
2   TATE & LILL LOUTH in a rectangle (M. 2), countermarked on George III halfpence. R.r.

PLATE J, no.4

This should have been included in the Countermarked section.

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Co. MAYO

WESTPORT

(Now known to be Jamaican & detailed elsewhere)
Following illustrations courtesy Bob Lyall

Jamaican!

TIN ONE SHILLING

1   + MARQUIS OF SLIGO + TOKEN FOR ONE SHILLING STERLING*
PAYABLE AT KELLY'S ESTATE + + + EACH FRIDAY EVENg 6 O'CLOCK* (M.11). R.r.r.

TIN SIXPENCE

2   Similar, but STERLING omitted, value SIX PENCE
Similar, but EVENING instead of EVENg (M.9). R.r.

TIN THREEPENCE

3   Similar, but without the star and crosses in the legend, value THREEPENCE
Similar, but a period instead of a star after O'CLOCK (M.8). R.
These three pieces have holes in the centre, Mionnet 1, down in proportion. The legends on the tokens very much resemble in character those of Charleville Forest, Kings County.
I much regret that I am unable to give you any satisfactory information about the family 'Tokens.' There is only a vague tradition that, during the last 25 years of the eighteenth century and the first 25 years of the nineteenth century, these were issued in place of money. Those in the eighteenth century would be in the name of Lord Monteagle, Viscount Westport, or the Earl of Altamont, as the Marquisate was not created till 1800. We did not know that any of the tokens existed, and I am much interested to hear that you have some" - Earl of Altamont, heir to the Marquis of Sligo, to the author, Jan. 22 1904.

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Co. TYRONE

STRABANE

COPPER PENNY

Strabane - copper penny
 
1   Similar to the Coleraine Penny, female seated, etc., but the harp has eight strings instead of seven the D again appears, but its bow is partly hidden by the sound board. Legend, G.IRVINE STRABANE
ONE PENNY TOKEN 1812 within a wreath of shamrock and laurel, four berries in the wreath. R. Davies.
2   Similar, but dated 1813 (the 3 has been cut over the 2)

PLATE G, no.8.

 

Atkins, p. 347, gives a list of Irish leaden tokens, and says they were issued in Dublin towards the close of the eighteenth century. Lindsay, in his advertisement, p.139, states that they were struck at Cork between 1809 and 1813. As there is a doubt, and none of them are dated, they are omitted.
[The lead tokens listed by Aquilla Smith are listed elsewhere.

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end of data