HOME IRISH TOKENS Copyright
S.B.Woodside
1997-2005
Last update:-
10-Nov-05
barry.woodside@ic24.net
Davis
mid 18th & early 19th C.
Copper tokens
Scroll through the data or use the shortcut index below.

 

UNDER DEVELOPMENT

 
Davis Thumbnail index
18th C. ANTRIM Adair Beith Knox Magarragh Ringland (unclear)
Johnston McClure Brown Montgomery Smyth Kean
ARMAGH Morton Overend Mackie Greer O'Brien Wilson
DOWN Hall Cochran Stewart Fisher McCully McQuoid
Bell Byers Galloway Miller Factor(?)  
DUBLIN Bowen Maculla        
Others Henry
Derry
Rea
Tyrone
Templeton
Tyrone
McMinn
Unknown
John ...L
Unknown
 
Silver D1-3 Clark West D4-6 Irish Bullion D7-8 Pro Bono  
Dublin 1d Misc. D9
Pawnbrokers
D10
Wellington & Victory
D11-12
rolling mill
D13-16
A cock
   
Wellington & Erin Go Bragh D17-21
1813
D22-24
1814
D25-33
1816
D34
1818
D35-36
1822
 
One Penny
George III
D37
1800
D38-39
1814
D40
1819
D41-42
1820
   
St Patrick D43
1806
D44-46
see next row
D47
1815
     
Luke XX D44
GIII 1818
D45
GIII 1821
D46
GIII 1822
D48
Regent '18
D49
Regent '22
D50
two heads
Misc. D51
Burke 1806
D52
Burke 1815
D53
Advocate
D54
Public Accom.
D55
two harps
 
Dublin 1/2d Misc. D56-57
Pawnbrokers
D58
Rolling mill
D59
Nevill & Co
D60
Field Marshal
D61
Waterloo
D62
GIII 1814
D63-64
GIII 1819
D65
Luke XX
D66-67
St Patrick
D68
Hibernicus '20
D69-70
Convenience
D71
Navigation
D72-73
Abundance
D74
The Union
D75
Hibernicus '30
D76
George Ords
D77-78
Pantheon
 
Crude bust D79
10 st. 1820
D80-82
9 st. 1820
D-
8 st. 1820
D83
1825
  
Misc D84
Fingall
D85-86
Publick
     
Rest of Ire. Menlough
Galway
Tullamore
Kings
Coleraine
Derry
Drogheda
Louth
Westport
Mayo
Strabane
Tyrone
 

Early/mid 18th C.

Davis
with additional items from Seaby

These pieces are nearly all rare, usually worn, and illustrations are hard to find - most are illustrated in Davis - but I don't have this. The illustrations here are from Ian Whyte, my small collection, and line drawings from Simon. Some have links to pieces illustrated in Seaby's Coins and Tokens of Ireland, which for copyright reasons, are not on the distributed CD - they are only on my personal copy. However, since this file can be edited by users, I suggest they personally scan in the Seaby illustrations and add them to the appropriate folder. Because pieces are worn, I have sometimes added two or more illustrations of the same piece, since different illustrations sometimes show different features. The Simon illustrations are also interesting because of errors etc.

Some pieces might be mis-attributed - it's difficult matching written description with worn specimens.

One or two other tokens possibly from Ballycastle, Co. Antrim are listed separately.

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Co. ANTRIM

BALLYMENA

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Adair - Ballymena
(note:- B.MENA 1736 not evident on this example)
1   A hare lodged; below 2.P (two pence). Legend . I. MAKE. GOOD. SPEED. The right ear of the hare touches the P in SPEED.
. I PROMISE TO . PAY THE BEARER ONE (sic) DEMAND . TWO PENCE . IAs .  ADAIR B.MENA 1736.       R.r

Aquilla Smith 1.
PLATE N, no.9.

 
2   Similar, but the right ear is some distance from the P
Similar, but IAMs. ADAIR. The ND in DEMAND not joined. R.r

PLATE N, no. 10.

 
3   Similar, but the left ear of the hare is under the S in SPEED.

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.
PLATE N, no. 11.

 
4   Similar, but the right ear of the hare is under the I
Similar, but the last letter in BEARER. is under the T in THE whereas in the preceding it is under the Y in PAY.

In Mr. Fletchers cabinet.
PLATE N, no.12.

The following extract from Benn's History of Belfast is of interest. " It cannot be discovered that any bank was established in Belfast prior to the year 1752. In that year the earliest bank, which is known, was formed, the partners in which were Daniel Mussenden, Iames Adair and Thomas Bateson, three of the principal merchants in the town."
Probably James Adair here referred to was the issuer of the token, as he occupied a good social status at the time. The successors of James Adair still hold a leading position in Ballymena. The representative of the family is Frederick Adair of Ballymena Castle. In the "McDonnells of Antrim," it is mentioned that William Adair, who died in 1626, purchased the estate of Sir Faithful Fortescue. A famous James Adair from Co. Antrim (possibly Ballymena?) went to America in 1735 (the year before these tokens were issued!) and became famous for trading with the Indians and writing a book of his experiences. His views that the Indians were descended from one of the lost tribes of Israel led to great debate for many years and possibly still not solved.

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Beith - Belfast
Image in Seaby
Image, courtesy Ian Whyte
5   A double-beaded eagle displayed, dividing 2 P Legend, READY . AY . READY. o .
.I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . ALEX . BEITH . B: MENA 1735 R.r.

Aquilla Smith 2.
PLATE N, no. 13.

Advertisement from the Belfast News Letter; from the 16th-27th of Feb., 1739;-
"TICKETS LOCAL. - Whereas there are some Persons betwixt Lisburn and Belfast, who have counterfeited my Tickets with a Dye and Press, and sell them to the Country People, at half what they pass for. Therefore these are to give Notice to all Persons who have any of my Tickets, that they bring them unto me at any time before the first of March next (Counterfeits excepted) and I will pay them in Gold or Silver, and will give two Guineas reward to any Person or Persons, who will discover the Person or Persons who made these Counterfeit Tickets with the Die and Press, so that they may be convicted of said cheat.    ALEXANDER BEITH."

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BELFAST

TWOPENCE

Knox - Belfast
? 2 wings / H over EL [Image, courtesy Ian Whyte]

6 or 7 one wing / H over BE
6   A falcon volant, trussing a mallard (wild duck) NEVER WITHOVT . MY . PREY Only one wing of the falcon is seen.
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO . PENCE . IOHN . KNOX . BELFAST 1735 The H in IOHN is over the E and L in BELFAST R.r.

Aquilla Smith 4.
PLATE N, no.14.

 
7   Similar, but the falcon exhibits both its wings.
Similar, but the H in IOHN is over B and E of BELFAST

PLATE N, no.15.
In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.

"John Knox, watch maker, Belfast, was sworn to the 'Roll of Freemen' on the 11th of September, 1729." Town Book Belfast R.M.Young.
 
The illustrations above seem to be cross pairings of the dies in Davis!

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McGarragh - Belfast
[Simon's drawing looks more like a lion]
8   A wolf rampant, gorged and chained, dividing 2 P Legend, FIERCE AND . STRONG . The hind feet of the animal are over the space between STRONG and FIERCE .
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . HUGH MACARRAGH BELFAST . 1736 The A and S in BELFAST do not touch. R.r.

Aquilla Smith 5.
PLATE N, no.16

9/10?
9   Similar, but the hind feet of the animal are over AND . and no period after P   R.
As last

[looks more like a fox, bear or mouse in chains!]

Aquilla Smith 6.
PLATE N, no. 17.

 
10   As last.
Similar, but the A touches the S in BELFAST

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.
The wolf figures as a supporter in the arms of Belfast.

 

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11/12
11.   A dove displayed, in its bill a sprig of olive. GOOD TIDINGS
       Above the wing at the left p over 2
I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE: Wm RINGLAND BELFAST 1734 R.r.r.
 
12   Similar, but value expressed 2 over p. R.

Aquilla Smith 7.
PLATE N no.18.

 
13.   Similar, but dated 1735 R.r.

Aquilla Smith 8.

[14 is illus. in DNW 20-6-01]
14.   Similar, but the value omitted [on O:], date 1734 R.

Aquilla Smith 9.

PENNY

Image in Seaby shows ONE not ON PENNY on R:
16.   Similar to no. 13, except in size.
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . ONE PENNY "." W:m RINGLAND BELFAST 1734 R.r.

Aquilla Smith 10.
PLATE N, no.20.

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(unclear) - Belfast
 
15   A lion rampant, supporting a wheatsheaf above a leopard's head. Legend detrited.
I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ON DEMAND TWO PENCE (name detrited) BELFAST

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.
PLATE N, no. 19.

 

HALFPENNY

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Johnston - Belfast
Image & more details in Fletcher.

Image in Seaby
17   View of the High Street, showing on the principal building a centre tower with weather vane. BELFAST TICKET 1734. all within a cable border.
I'L PAY THE BEARER ONE . HALF PENNY . W IOHNSTON I/2. ~ Pd FOR THIS CO ~ (One shilling and two pence per lb. for this Copper Paid). (~indicates an ornate P representing "per")

Aquilla Smith 3.
PLATE N, no.21.

There are only two specimens of this token known, one being in the Belfast Museum and the other in Mr. Fletcher's cabinet. The two last, and the Maculla halfpennies are included in order to keep together this section of the Irish Tokens. In the Ulster Journal of Archaeology, of January, 1903, Mr. Lionel L. Fletcher has an article on this token. He says - "The most interesting feature is the representation of Belfast. It shows a part of High Street and the end of one of the bridges which crossed the open river. The lofty steeple figure in the view was considered by George Benn to be the old market-house which formerly stood at the corner of the Corn Market. "Mr. Fletcher however, expresses the opinion that the building more probably represents the old Parish Church, in High Street, which was taken down in 1774, and which stood on the site now occupied by St. George's Church."
Mr. Fletcher thinks the issuer was "William Johnston, Baker, who it is recorded in the Town Book of Belfast, was admitted in 1729, to the freedom of the town."

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(unclear)
 
TD14   Johnson (or Kirkpatrick) penny(?) date uncertain, shield of arms
 
Seaby - How could something read Johnson or Kirkpatrick??

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BELLYLONAGHAN

TWOPENCE

McClure - Bellylonaghan?
18   A peacock 2 . P Legend, YOUTH AND BEAUTY
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . ALLEX Mc.CLURE . BELLYLONA GHAN . 1735

Aquilla Smith 11.
In the Dublin Museum.

Aquilla Smith mentioned that the name of Ballyloghnegany occurred in the Index Locorum of the Ulster Inquisitions, but he was unable to locate it.

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BREBY

TWOPENCE

Brown - Bready?
 
19   A pelican in its piety. WITH MY BLOOD I FEED MY YOUNG
* I * PROMISE TO PAY . Ye BEARER ON DEMAND TWO PENCE PATRICK BROWN . BREBY . (?) *

Aquilla Smith 12.
PLATE N, no.22.
In the British Museum.

This token may belong to Bready, Co. Tyrone, but spelled BREBY. The reverse is rather indistinct, especially so in the name of the town.

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GLENARM

TWOPENCE

Mountgomery - Glenarm
 
20   An anchor and cable, between two fleurs-de-lis. 2 . P below. Legend, . I . LIVE . IN . HOPE . The links in the cable are joined, and the O in HOPE is the same size as the other letters.
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . HUGH MOUNTGOMERY GLENARM . 1736. The period after TO touches the P in PAY . R.r.

PLATE N, no.23.
In Mr Fletcher's cabinet.

 
21   Similar, but the links in the cable are not joined, and a small o in HOPE
Similar, but the period is equidistant from TO . and PAY

Aquilla Smith 19.
PLATE N, no.24.

Hugh Montgomery of the Ardes was the first Earl of Mount Alexander in the seventeenth century, and the name Hugh occurs in "Burke."
 
Seaby lists this in the 1734-1741 section.
 
A family history page on the www contained the following;- HUGH MONTGOMERY was born Abt. 1689 in Glenarm, Antrim, Ireland, and died 1767 in Londonderry, New Hampshire, Rockingham County. He married JEAN CARGILL May 22, 1715 in Ballymena, Antrim, Ireland, daughter of DAVID CARGILL and JANET SMITH. She was born Abt. 1685 in Ireland, and died 1772 in Londonderry, New Hampshire, Rockingham County.

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LISBURN

TWOPENCE

Smyth - Lisburn
 
22   Unicorn's head to left couped. Legend, *..:EDW=d smyth *..
A minute eagle between two small circles. I . OWE THE . BEARER . TWO . PENCE LISBURN . 1736 . R.r.

Aquilla Smith 21.
PLATE N, no.25.

"The issuer was High Sheriff of Co. Antrim in 1738" - Young's Historical Notices of Old Belfast. Also an entry, dated August, 1744 "To Edward Smyth for repairing 1000 Perches of the Road from Lisburn to Antrim 15."

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MALONE

TWOPENCE

Kean - Malone
23   A dolphin embowed. Under, 2.P Legend, WITH . COVNCILE . AND . COVRAGE
. I . PROMISE.TO.PAY.THE BEARER.TWO PENCE <<< AARON . KEAN MALLONE . (sic) 1735 .

Aquilla Smith 25.
PLATE N, no.26

Co. ARMAGH

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ARMAGH

THREEPENCE. SILVER

Morton - Armagh
 
24   ALEX : MORTON ARMAGH o.o.o 1736
I PROMIS: (sic) TO: PAY: THE: : BEARER: : THREE : : PENCE : the A in BEARER : is under the last limb of the A in PAY: R.

PLATE I, no.18.

[Image, courtesy Ian Whyte]
25   Similar, but a small scroll after MORTON and ARMAGH
 
Image in Seaby
26    
Similar, but the A in BEARER: is under the first limb of the A in PAY:
 
27    
Similar, but the A in BEARER: is under the colon after TO :
The issuer was "a famous clockmaker, in the year 1717 he lived in Market Street, where he struck off a number of silver tokens, which were being used as current coin in Armagh." - Stuarts Historical Memoirs of the City of Armagh.

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PORTADOWN

THREEPENCE. SILVER

Overend - Portadown
Ian Whyte
28   IOHN . OUEREND . PORTADOWN * . P . * III . 1736.
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE PENCE R.r.

PLATE I, no.19.

"John Overend, Merchant, died at Portadown, 1758" - Monthly Cronical, Ireland, Feb: 1758.

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RICHHILL

Mackie - Richhill
29   SAM MACKIE: * p over III * RICHHILL 1736
I . PROMIS . (sic) TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE .. PENCE . R.r.

PLATE I, no.20.

 
30   Similar, but reads RICHILL (sic) R.r.

Boyne, 4

 
 
31   Similar, but the p over III omitted and reads RICHHILL R.r.
 
Image in Seaby [Courtesy Ian Whyte]
32   SAM MACKIE p over III RICHHIL (sic) 1736 within an inner circle.
. I . PROMIS . (sic) TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE .. PENCE . within an inner circle. R.
 

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LURGAN

THREEPENCE. COPPER

Greer - Lurgan
 
33   A roll of linen 3. p above. Legend, . THE . DRAPER .. oo * oo
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE . PENCE IAMs. GREER LURGAN 1736 R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 24

It is stated in Knox's History of the County Down that this family descended from Henry Greer, who came to Ireland from Dumfriesshire and settled in Lurgan in 1653. The family is now represented by Captain J. W. Greer, The Wilderness.

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TWOPENCE

O'Brien - Lurgan
 
34   A stag at gaze; at the left, 2 P The antlers have each four branches.
. I . PROMISE . TO . PAY . THE BEARER : TWO PENCE . THOs.: O:BRIEN * LVRGAN 1736

Aquilla Smith 22.
In the Dublin Museum.

 
35   Similar, but with six branches in each antler. R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 22a.
PLATE N, no.27.

 

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Wilson - Lurgan
 
36   A horse's head to left, bridled. Below 2 * P
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE .:. BEARER .:. TWO . PENCE IOS . WILSON LURGAN 1735

Aquilla Smith 23.
PLATE N, no.28.
In the British Museum.

 
TD19   Seaby as previous but 3p (1736?)
 
 

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Co. DOWN

DROMORE

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Hall - Dromore
 
37   A griffon, passant. FOR . Ye. PARISH . OF . DROMORE .
I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO . PENCE . WILL . HALL DROMORE 1736. R.r.

Aquilla Smith 13.
PLATE N, no.29.

The griffon was supposed to be a guardian of mines and hidden treasures, One Edmund Hall issued a token at Dromore about 1663. - Vide Williamson, 256.

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GILFORD

THREEPENCE. COPPER

Cochran - Gilford
 
38   A man riding at speed; under the horse, dividing the date, 17 36 a horseshoe. Legend, LOUSE . RUN . FOR . EVER
I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE . BEARER . THREE . PENCE INo COCHRAN . GILLFORD . (sic) 1736 .

Aquilla Smith 18.
PLATE N, no.30.
In the British and Dublin Museums.

Aquilla Smith has the following note "In the year 1685, James II incorporated by charter the Governor and Freemen of the Corporation of Horse Breeders in the County of Down." In the Gilford Directory, the Rev. John Cochrane, Presbyterian Minister, occurs, and the family, since this token was issued, has been an important one in this town.

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KILLYLEIGH

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Stewart - Killyleigh
 
39   A messenger with cudgel running, 2 . P . BEWARE . OF . COVNTERFITS .
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . IOHN STEWART . KILLILEAGH . 1735 .

Aquilla Smith 20.
In the Dublin and Belfast Museums.

George Benn, in the Ulster Journal of Archaeology, July, 1855, says " The hurrying messenger impressed upon it imaginative people might describe as the figure of Mercury those who knew better would say it was the very image of a County Down 'boy,' bred and born in Killinchy, with a little round cap on his head, - probably a scratch wig underneath, a bunch of ribbons flying behind, loose jacket, short tights, home made hose, - his headlong speed, his determined look, and above all the stout cudgel in his hand, plainly intimating that the argument in the last resort would be brought to bear upon every caitiff guilty of forging the tokens of Mr. John Stewart of Killileagh."

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NEWTOWNARDS

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Fisher - Newtownards
Sotheby's
[a long tailed variety was illustrated in Sotheby's auction 1st Oct. 1987]
40-43.
Due to wear, it's difficult to tell these apart.
[In the Seaby illustration, the bird stands on 7 lumps, whereas the rest only have 6, and the first limb of the M in THOMAS is over the first limb of H)
40? Image in Seaby
40   A kingfisher, a fish in its bill. No legend. There are five feathers in the tail of the bird, the fish does not exhibit its fins; all within a toothed border.
I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ON DEMAND TWO PENCE THOMAS FISHER The first upright limb of the M in THOMAS is over the first limb of H in FISHER R.

Aquilla Smith 32.
PLATE N, no.31.

 
41   Similar, but eight feathers in the bird's tail, and the fish exhibits its fins. R.
 
42?
42   Similar, but there are six feathers in the tail.
Similar, but the O in THOMAS is over the first limb of H in FISHER R.
43?
43? Ian Whyte
43   Similar, but a bird of closer plumage, the feathers in the tail are short; all within a cable circle.
Similar, but the upright limb of H in FISHER is under the space between O and M of THOMAS instead of as previously being under the first limb of M R.r.

Aquilla Smith 32a.

The late Mr. Gillespie, in the list of his collection, placed the Kingfisher tokens to Newtownards.

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McCully - Newtownards
Ian Whyte
44   A cask dividing 2 P Legend, IOHN McCULLY BREWER A rose at the bottom. The H is over U in MC.CULLY
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER TWO . PENCE ON . {D}EMAN{D} JOHN Mc.CULLY NEWTOWN (sic) .: 1761 :. A rose before and after BEARER The T in NEWTOWN is under the C in Mc.CULLY R.

Aquilla Smith 27.
PLATE N, no.32.

45   Similar, but the P is at the right of Y whereas in the last it is under that letter.
As last.

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet.

 
46   Similar but the H is over UL and the p under Y in McCULLY
Similar, but the T in NEWTOWN is under M in McCULLY R.r.

Neumann 24948a.

In the copy of The Ancient and Present State of the County of Down, in the British Museum, there is a MS. note, that in 1754 William McCully was one of the Churchwardens of Newtown(ards).

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McQuoid - Newtownards
47   A lion's face between flags, 2 . * P . below. HOLD FAST . above.
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . WILLm. McQUOID NEWTOWN (sic) 1736 R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 26.
PLATE N, no. 33.

 

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Bell - Newtownards
 
TD27   Newtownards Samuel Bell twopence 1735 bracteate. No further details
 
Mentioned in Seaby

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Byers - Newtownards?
 
TD28   John Byers twopence 1735 bracteate. No further details
 
Seaby Newtownards?

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PORTAFERRY

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Galloway - Portaferry
 
48   A ship under sail. . I . COME . SPEED - 2 . P
. .I . PROMISE TO * PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . IOHN GALLOWAY PORTAFERRY. 1735 . R.r.

Aquilla Smith 28.
PLATE N, no. 34.

The issuer of the token found it necessary to follow the example of Alexander Beith of Ballymena, and gave notice : "Tickets Local-Whereas some Persons with a Dye and Press have counterfeited the Tickets put out by John Gallway (sic) of Portaferry, Merchant, and sell them to severals at half what they pass for. Now I do give this public notice to all Persons who have any of my Tickets; that they may bring them unto me at any time before the first of May next (Counterfeits excepted) and I will pay them in Gold or Silver, and will give two Guineas Reward to any Person or Persons who will discover the Person or Persons that made these Counterfeit Tickets with the Dye and Press, so as they may be convicted of the said Cheat. John Gallway." - Belfast News Letter, from March 13th to April 27th, 1839.

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Miller - Portaferry
 
49   A stag tripping. 2 . P TRUTH . OVER . COMES .
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . ROBt. MILLER . PORTFEERY (sic) 1736 R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 29.
PLATE N, no. 35.

 

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WARINGSTOWN

THREE PENCE. COPPER

Factor - Waringstown
Glendinings
--   .I. PROMISE TO.PAY.THE BEARER.THREE PENCE THOS FACTOR (?) WARINGS TOWN
3.P.WARING.HOUSE.1736 a large house with fence & gate
This piece was not in Davis, but was illustrated in Glendining's 1989 auction catalogue and again in Coin & Medal News Feb. 1990

Co. DUBLIN

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DUBLIN

SILVER

Bowen - Dublin
[Courtesy Ian Whyte]
50   A hart statant, pierced with an arrow.
BEN BOWEN DUBLIN Legend, I OWE THE BEARER IIId STER . R.r.

Boyne 2.
PLATE 1, no.21.

 

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COPPER

Maculla - Dublin
PENNY - 1729
[Images Ian Whyte, note PENNY over ]
51   CASH NOTES VAL RECEIVED DUBLIN 1729 JAMES MACULLA PENNY
I PROMISE TO PAY . THE BEARER . ON DEMAND 20 PENCE . A . POU ND . FOR . THESE

Aquilla Smith 16.
PLATE N, no. 36.
In the British and Dublin Museums.

The die was originally intended for a halfpenny. It will be seen from the illustration in the plate that the first N in PENNY is engraved over 1/2
HALFPENNY - 1731
[Courtesy Ian Whyte]
52   A large fleur-de-lis. CASH . NOTES . VALUE . RECD . I . MACULLA .
A female standing between two pillars, holding in her right hand a sword erect, in the left a pair of scales; the head of the figure divides the date 17 31. Legend, I . PROMISE . 20 . SHILLINGS POUND . STR . R.r.

PLATE N, no.37.

Aquilla Smith thought that this piece was intended to pass as a shilling. This is inconsistent with the idea of the period. The issuer probably intended to convey that he was prepared to pay, on return of the tokens, either in regal silver or cash notes.
HALFPENNY - 1728
 
53   PROMESARY (sic) NOTES VALUE RECEIVED : DUBLIN . 1728 . IAMES . MACULLA
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . ON DEM A ND . 20 . PENCE . A . POU ND . FOR . THESE . R.r

Linsay 119.
In the British Museum.

from www
54   CASH NOTES . VAL, RECEIVED DUBLIN . 1728 IAMES . MACULLA
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . ON DEM A ND . 20 . PENCE . A . POU ND .FOR . THESE . R.r.

Aquilla Smith 14.

 
HALFPENNY - 1729
 
55   CASH NOTES . VAL, RECEIVED . DUBLIN 1729 IAMES MACULLA The A and L in VAL, touch.
As last. R.r. [no dot after PROMISE]
D56?
56   As last.
I PROMISE . TO . PAY . THE BEARER . ON . DEMAND . 20 . PENCE . A . POU ND . FOR . THESE The O in TO is over E and A of BEARER R.

Aquilla Smith 15c.

This is also struck from the same die on a much thicker flan - Vide A.Smith 15b.

 
57   Similar, but the A and L in VAL, do not touch, most of the letters in the inscription are without their ceriphs.
As last.

In Mr. Fletcher's cabinet

[Courtesy Ian Whyte]
58   As no.55.
Similar to last, but the O in TO is over the E in BEARER . R.

Aquilla Smith 15a.

 
59   Similar to last, but the 1 in is directly under the U instead of between C and U in MACULLA . which has a period after it.
As last R.r.

Aquilla Smith 15.

 
--   1724 circular legend illustrated in Irish Numismatics No 31 and Coin News Feb 88.
 
 
60   As no.52, except in size. R.
 
James Maculla was a brazier in Dublin. Maculla proposed to supply the coinage on a plan which he publicly stated. It was to circulate copper tokens for pennies and halfpennies stamped with a promissory to pay twenty pence for every pound of copper notes whenever they should be returned. There was to be forty-eight halfpence to the pound, avoirdupois, which he undertook to sell at two shillings. This be calculated would allow little more than sixteen per cent., provided the tokens sbould he returned without loss of metal by circulation, and provided the expense of stamping should amount to sixpence each pound. Maculla submitted this plan to Dean Swift, who disapproved it as but little security would be given to the public "that the tokens should always be made of the intrinsic value which was proposed in the project." Swift proposed a counter plan. It was to form a Society of ten gentlemen to issue tokens of increased specific gravity to Maculla's, vide Swift's Work, vol. xv, p. 260. This project was not taken up and Maculla issued his tokens, notwithstanding the criticism to which the plan had been subjected by Swift, who, Ruding says, "was absolute monarch over all those who were likely to be much affected by the circulation of the tokens." Vide Ruding, vol IV, p.3

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Co. LONDONDERRY

KILREA

TWOPENCE. COPPER

Henry - Kilrea
see DNW 20-6-01
61   A halberdier crowned, girt with a sword, in his right hand a halberd. 2 . P at the right. Legend, VIRTUE MINE . HONOUR
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE . IAMs. HENRY . KILLREA (sic) 1736   R.r.r.

Aquilla Smith 31.
PLATE N, no.38.

The specimen which Aquilla Smith had was so detrited, that he placed this token in his Not Local section. Macaulay, in the Spanish Armada, says "Behind him march the halberdiers, before him sound the drums."

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Co. TYRONE

DUNGANNON

THREEPENCE. COPPER

Rea - Dungannon
 
62   A stag tripping; below o 3 o P o Legend, FIDES . NON . TIMET (Faith knows not fear).
. I . PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . THREE PENCE THOMs. REA . DVNGA NNON 1736 . R.r.r. Batty 1562.
PLATE N, no.39.
 

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STEWARTSTOWN

Templeton - Stewartstown
 
63   A view of the Market House.
I PROMISE TO . PAY . THE BEARER . TWO PENCE IAMs. TEMPLETON STEWARTS TOWN 1736 R.r.r.
Aquilla Smith, in his introduction, gives an account of the state of the copper coinage of Ireland when these tokens were in circulation. He says, "the coinage of the fine copper halfpence by George the Second, in 1736 & 1737, and of farthings in '737, put an end to the issue of private tokens... They were withdrawn from circulation, and full value given for them in gold or silver, which accounts for the extreme rarity of the greater number of the tickets, as they were designated. The weight or intrinsic value of the tickets, being nearly the same as that of the new halfpenny, gave rise to the once common saying 'not worth a two-penny ticket.'" How one could expect a halfpenny to be worth twopence is not explained. "It is said that our good halfpence are carried to the West of England and to Scotland by the colliers and other dealers, which is a good trade for them, as they get thirteenpence for a shilling, which is eight and one-third profit, so that, unless Irish halfpence are prohibited in Great Britain, we shall he constantly drained of our Copper Coin, great quantities of which are likewise exported to America." This interesting note, quoted by Aquilla Smith, from Falkner's Dublin Journal, Sep. 2, 1760, shows how difficult was the coinage question in those days. The same journal had a week before announced " We are assured that several casks of halfpence, amounting to £15,000, lately coined at the Tower, for the use of this Kingdom, are shipped on board a London trader, and are daily expected here." This assurance was of no value, as the coinage dated 1760 was not sent to Ireland until 1762.

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COUNTY UNKNOWN

TWOPENCE. COPPER

McMinn - Donaghadee
 
64   I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER ON DEMAND TWO PENCE FRAN McMINN 1760 The final letter in PROMISE is over the last limb of H in THE
R: Similar to the obverse, countermarked F

[Now Believed to be from Donaghadee Co. Down - Heslip BNJ 1992,p.173]

Aquilla Smith 33.
This is supposed to be the specimen which Aquilla Smith described.

[Courtesy Ian Whyte]
65   As last
Blank.

[SBW. Mine has IK scratched and M...M.... (McMinn?) stamped on reverse]

PLATE N, no.40.

 
66   Similar to last, but the S in PROMISE is inverted, the final E spans the H in THE

In Mr Fletcher's cabinet.

 
 

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TWOPENCE. COPPER

(unknown)
 
67   A greyhound to left at speed; 2 P above. Legend detrited.
I PROMISE TO PAY THE BEARER TWO PENCE The remainder of legend detrited.

Aquilla Smith 30
In the Dublin Museum.

 

19th C. Silver

W.J.Davis
NINETEENTH CENTURY TOKEN COINAGE
Early 19th C. Silver Tokens

My sincere thanks to Ian Whyte for the illustrations of these mostly rare pieces
(I only have the common pieces #7 & 8).

Co. DUBLIN

DUBLIN

SILVER - SHILLINGS

Clark West
Ian Whyte
1   A female robed and seated to left on a rock, supporting on her left shoulder a caduceus, her right hand pointing to a merchant vessel; on the prow, I (Ireland). Ex. The countermark, a harp crowned. No legend.
FOR ONE BRITISH SHILLING 1804 Above the word FOR a small countermark of Hibernia. Legend, SOLD BY CLARK WEST AND Co R.

PLATE M, no.6.

 
2   The same in copper, but without the countermarks on obverse and reverse. R.
 
 
3   Similar, but with COMMERCE above the seated figure.
Similar, but the date is omitted. R.r.r. Hancock.

Boyne 6.

The countermarks are similar to those of the Dublin Assay Office of the time, but without the letters. Aq. Smith says Clarke and West, wholesale goldsmiths and jewellers, resided at No.9, Capel Street, in 1804. This long established firm is now represented by Messrs. West and Son, 18 and 19, College Green."
Irish Bullion Co
 
4   A robed female figure seated to right on a mound, holding the model of a ship. Legend, CONFIDENCE AUGMENTS THE VALUE Under the figure an oval, inscribed I B Co (Irish Bullion Company)
FOR ONE . BRITISH SHILLING D 2.16 Gs (2 dwts. 16 grains). Legend, SOLD BY THE IRISH BULLION Co Hall marks on either side of D 2.16 G. The O in ONE lines to the B in BY R.r.
Ian Whyte
5   Similar, but without the countermarks. R.r

PLATE M, no.7.

 
 
6   Similar to no.4, but the D and Gs and the period after ONE omitted, the O in ONE lines to the space between BY R.r. Hancock.

PLATE M, no.8.

 
These three tokens were made at Peter Kempson's manufactory, Birmingham. Aq. Smith was under the impression that this reverse was the same as no.4, but the die worn from repeated lapping; this is not so, as will be seen on reference to the illustration of both the reverses in plate M.
Pro Bono and Probono
Ian Whyte
*7   A tripod altar with burning incense, entwined by a serpent, olive branches at the left, and a celestial globe at the right. 2dwt 20gs STERLING Legend, PUBLIC HAPPINESS 1804
A female figure supporting a crown, above a cippus inscribed, HEALTH TO THE KING Legend, PRO BONO PUBLICO

Boyne 23, 8.